INTERNET OF THINGS
Basically, IoT is a network in which all physical objects are connected to the internet through network devices or routers and exchange data. IoT allows objects to be controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure. IoT is a very good and intelligent technique which reduces human effort as well as easy access to physical devices. This technique also has autonomous control feature by which any device can control without any human interaction.
The role of mobile applications in IoT
Based on today’s standards, smartphones have been viewed as the most essential devices for communication due to their easy and wide accessibility. To this end, mobile app development companies have been working to meet the increasing demands of mobile users to create efficient and productive applications for their devices. With these applications, every mobile user is learning to complete seemingly difficult tasks in real time.
But in a bid to simplify processes more and even make life much easier for people, some app development companies are adopting new technologies, such as associating mobile apps with IoT. Many developers have already started delivering innovative user experiences through mobile app development by creating complete IoT systems. It is evident that through this means, the idea of IoT will be greatly improved.
Various mobile platforms, such as Mac OS X, Windows, iOS and Android, have already made improved system upgrades to enable app development companies, as well as developers, to deploy IoT-enabled applications with ease. These professionals are mainly working toward establishing remarkable new user experience by interconnecting various electronic gadgets with mobile devices.
Why Should You Integrate IoT In The App Development Process?
There is a plethora of mobile app development company who refrain from integrating it into their process. It can be lack of knowledge or the client’s need or fear of adapting the new things. Whatever the reason is, a little enlightenment would not harm any of us. Let’s dive into what benefits a business would avail by integrating IoT into app development.
Integration of IoT Application Development
Esteem Acumen - Multiple devices are connected and they can be controlled through one single thing which makes it easy to handle and control. IoT is the technology which holds them together. All these devices collect and process information and data to work in sync with each other. Having IoT in the loop will allow you to get insight on all of these and make the process of decision easy, seamless, and swift.
Interactive - I don’t think this is questionable that IOT makes the mobile application highly interactive. Also, there will be increased options for customizing the apps and giving them an innovative touch. You can beat your competitors by entailing the users they haven’t seen before with the use of IoT in the process.
Customer Retention - The ultimate agenda of any mobile app would be engaged and retain the users. This would be the primary agenda and after a span of time, convert the users into the payment making customers. IoT can make that happen. This was one side to look at it. If this is implemented in the business cycle, the employees can get a helping hand, it can make things smoother and faster.
Budget-friendly - The primary thought that runs in the brain is it would be costly to use IoT in the mobile application development. The reality is just contradictory of your thought. In fact, it helps integrating several features in a cost-effective way which would otherwise charge higher.
Idiosyncratic - Just like we discussed at the beginning, not many companies have started using it in their routine. This can be an upper hand for you if you start using it. IoT can be the cutting edge addition to lure the users your way. Having an IoT developer would make the working easier, simpler, and an added feature to highlight in your portfolio.
Remote Access - IoT apps can be accessed from any location. Let’s say you are not present at the workplace yet can monitor your work and share your input from your home or any other place. So, this is one benefit IoT based apps can avail and when you have such an app working in your own company, clients are bound to get impressed and will demand something like this.
Mobile apps leveraging IoT
Mobile apps have made life easier in various ways. Now, they have the power to connect lots of devices and exchange information. An app is a hub that can leverage IoT to do even more brilliant things with technology. It’s already happening, and this relationship will nurture as more devices are created and more apps are developed.
Here are some areas where mobile apps are leveraging IoT:
Healthcare and medicine
Wearable devices are essential part of IoT solutions. With Bluetooth and Wi-Fi, smart watches, eyeglasses, or other kinds of wearable wristbands can all be connected to a device. This creates a two-way communication of data between the devices.
Smartphone apps and smartwatches is the most prolific pairing. The watch becomes an extension of the smartphone, with information shared back and forth.
Healthcare is one of the leading industries for IoT development, and the market will only grow. There are multiple IoT-enabled devices used in the field of healthcare, including IVs, vital sign monitors, infusion pumps, and more. These devices all use sensors to collect data. This data is transferred to an app, creating a smooth workflow. Medical IoT devices also need “direction” in a two-way conversation. Mobile apps can set the dosage of medicine through pumps and IVs. They can also collect vitals and share them with a patient’s electronic medical record.
Home automation is in full motion with the use of IoT devices. So many features can be controlled within a home from the AC to locks and security. Mobile apps make all this easier for homeowners. They can even see from cameras exactly what’s going on in their home remotely. These devices have the ability to “learn” as well from the instruction and conversation it receives from the mobile app.
Agriculture needs an evolution if it’s going to meet the rising demand for food in the world, as the global population continues to increase. Enter IoT devices, which via sensors can monitor the crop and conditions, looking at light, temperature, humidity, and soil condition. Farmers have the ability to review all this information with a mobile app, which leads to more efficient farming. Additionally, the industry is using smart drones to survey the land, and monitoring has also begun being used in tracking livestock.
In retail environments, it’s all about making the customer experience better. IoT devices enable the collection of data, which retailers can use to craft a better experience. For example, if Wifi foot traffic monitoring and sensors show that customers linger in certain areas, this could be a sign of your most enticing products. That could change a store layout or affect the type of content played on digital signage.
There is a huge wave of IoT devices that are creating smarter urban areas. There are numerous applications of how devices can be used to make city living easier. What if you could use an app to find parking? With the right sensors and communication, a driver could know exactly where to find the best place.
How IOT works with app
For example let us take the scenario of smart irrigation system which is controlled by farmer through his mobile app.
From the above picture you can see there are four Arduinos in the field sensing different parameters. The logics of the algorithm help to identify whether there is need of water to plant. Further, logics and decision making conditions help soil moisture condition of the soil and it always maintain moisture and also the user gets the status of the motor on the mobile. First the moisture sensor senses the soil. The output of the moisture is in the analog form. The ADC of the Arduino converts the output of the moisture sensor into digital form. The digital value is then send to the Raspberry pi through router which decides whether the soil is wet or dry and according to that water the plant. If the soil is dry, Raspberry pi actuates the relay and water pump starts which leads to water to flow from the required gate. If the soil is wet, Raspberry pi turns the relay off as a result water pump is off and water flow stop. So the introduction of such mobile technology and portable, wireless devices has led to the creation of innovative services and mobile applications that are used within the agricultural chains in both developed and developing countries.
Challenges with developing apps for IoT solutions
The Internet of Things is already powering a fast-growing market of “smart” objects that are able to collect and assess huge amounts of data. These are regulatory challenges that policy-makers have to overcome to ensure a sufficient protection of individuals and their data while still fostering innovation and competition in this sector.
Clearer guidelines on when data collected to build a person’s profile can be used lawfully, for example to analyse or predict a particular factor such as a person’s preferences, reliability, location or health. And in the age of hyper-connectivity, we are feeling the brunt of the unavoidable connection between data and device in the form of privacy violations.
In response to widespread concern regarding the vulnerability of IoT devices, the US Senate introduced the Internet of Things Cybersecurity Improvement Act to set security standards for devices installed in US government networks. The prospective law aims to ensure that devices are protected and not open to attack
To put it simply, standards are a set of rules that specify how a certain thing should behave. When a piece of technology follows a standard, all the parties involved know how the device should work and can focus on other, more important things. For example, since all audio jacks on a phone follow the same standards, users can buy earphones of any brand without any worry, and earphone manufacturers can focus on the audio performance of their accessories because they know it will work on every buyer’s phone.
IOT offers new opportunities for all that information that can be compromised. Not only is more data being shared through the IoT, among many more participants, but more sensitive data is being shared. As a result, the risks are exponentially greater.
Take the smart home as an illustrative example. Imagine a garage door opener with the added functionality to deactivate the home alarm upon entry. This is a convenient feature for a homeowner entering their home in a hurry. However, now the entire alarm system could potentially be deactivated when only the garage door opener is compromised
Future of IoT is nearly unlimited thanks to advances in technology and consumers’ need to integrate devices like sensible phones with home machines. Wi-Fi has made it possible to attach individuals and machines onto land, within the air and at sea. it's crucial that every corporation and government confine ethics in mind as we have a tendency to approach the fourth technological revolution (Pye, 2014). With plethora of data traveling from device to device, security in technology will be required to grow even as quick as connectivity so as to keep up with demands. The probabilities are exciting, productivity can increase and wonderful things will come by connecting the world.